Local Case Management
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-Why do we need a pre-referral process?
…all students with disabilities residing within the jurisdiction of the LEA, and who are in need of special education and related services, are identified, located, and evaluated.
--(see IDEA 2004, 20 U.S.C. § 1412(a)(3) and 34 C.F.R. § 300.111)
Multi-Tiered System of Supports
A multi-tiered system of supports (MTSS) is a framework for providing appropriate instruction and intervention for all students in a school system. Schools implementing MTSS utilize a problem-solving process to address problems at various levels including whole-school, grade- or department-level, classroom, or individual student problems. MTSS includes three levels, or tiers, of support that represent increasing intensity and individualization in the instruction and intervention provided. It is a framework that applies to academic areas (e.g., literacy, math) as well as behavior. When applied to behavior, it is typically known as Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS).
Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS) includes four pillars:
- Establish expectations (school-wide as well as classroom level expectations)
- Explicitly teach expectations to all students and staff
- Reinforce students for following expectations
- Correct (including reteaching) students for misbehaviors
All schools in Utah are required by law (R277-609) to have a plan in place to implement practices in line with these pillars of PBIS to promote good behavior and provide appropriate supports for students who misbehave.