This domain covers the skills a person needs to function independently in life, and may include such areas as cooking, transportation, budgeting, safety, technology, housing, time management, social, etc. While different disabilities and needs may require this to be individualized, each person has a right to be as independent as possible in all areas they can be.
The skills listed above do not always come automatically; they must be directly and repeatedly taught. Many times we have heard that students "will never have the skills" and "never be able to live on their own" but when we make assumptions without teaching, we limit progress. The student will benefit from educators and families working together to plan on the skills the students will need in order to give them a chance for successful outcomes.
When a student turns 18, they become their own legal guardian. The means that they are competent to make their own decisions and sign their own paperwork, unless it is proven otherwise. So, for some students with severe disabilities, parents who wish to retain authority after the student turns 18 may decide to apply for "guardianship." There are five main types of guardianship: guardianship of person, guardianship of property, full guardianship, limited guardianship, and temporary guardianship.
For more information, check out the following resources: