- Print Awareness
- Phonological Awareness
- Phonics and Word Recognition
Print Awareness is a child's earliest understanding that written language carries meaning. The foundation of all other literacy learning builds upon this knowledge.
- Book Awareness (Cover, how to hold, turn pages, left to right etc.)
- Relationship between words and print
- Relationship between spoken language and written words
- Word boundaries
Blending and Segmenting Words Awareness Routine
Phonological Awareness is the ability to recognize that words are made up of a variety of sound units.
- Blending and Segmenting Syllables
- Blending Onset Rime
- Isolating First Sounds
- Blending and Segmenting Phonemes
- Manipulating Phonemes
Blending and Segmenting Phonemes
Phonics and Word Recognition
The ability to access text allows students to read accurately in order to make meaning from what they read.
- Quickly and accurately recognize words and their meanings in text
Quickly and accurately produce words in writing
- Sight Words
Fluency is the ability to read with appropriate rate, accuracy, and expression to understand text.
- Tier 2 and 3 words
- 2 words a day/8-10 words a week
Word Learning Strategies
- Word Play and Word Awareness
- Read Widely
Comprehension is the ability to create meaning from (understand) and analyze a single text or multiple texts.
Guthrie et al, 2004, 2006 and Van Keer and Verhaeghe, 2005 found that instruction using multiple strategies can create more strategic readers and increases reading comprehension.
Understand, Analyze, Transfer
Ability to organize thinking and communicate ideas, opinions, feelings, and knowledge in written form.
Writing to Learn and Learning to Write
Product (informative, opinion, narrative)